What Is CPI? & How to Trade it!
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is an essential statistic that is used to determine whether or not an economy is experiencing inflation or deflation. It is an economic indicator that monitors the cost of various products and services.
It is sometimes referred to as headline inflation, and it is a significant factor that plays a role in determining how interest rates shift in response to changes in inflation objectives established by central banks.
Calculating the Consumer Price Index (CPI) involves calculating the average price of a basket of items across several categories of goods and services, such as food, transportation expenses, and healthcare, and then assessing how those prices have changed over time.
When there is a drop in the amount of currency required to purchase the market basket, this is an indication of deflation, while when there is a rise in the amount of currency required to buy the market basket, this is an indication of inflation.
The statistic for the core CPI is somewhat different from the figure for the overall CPI because, although it does still represent the change in the price of goods and services, it does not include the price of energy or food. Due to the fact that such prices have a propensity to be very volatile and hence have the potential to provide a false image of inflationary pressures, they are not included in this metric.
What Is Inflation?
Inflation is a persistent increase in the general level of prices for goods and services in an economy over time. This means that, on average, prices for a broad range of goods and services tend to go up over time. Inflation erodes the purchasing power of money, which means that the same amount of money will buy fewer goods and services in the future than it would have in the past.
Inflation can be caused by a variety of factors, including an increase in the supply of money, a decrease in the supply of goods and services, or an increase in demand for goods and services. In some cases, inflation can be a sign of a healthy, growing economy. However, high and volatile inflation can be damaging to an economy, causing uncertainty, reducing purchasing power, and making it more difficult for businesses and individuals to plan for the future.
Central banks and governments typically aim to maintain a low and stable rate of inflation in order to promote economic growth and stability. In many cases, central banks will use monetary policy tools, such as adjusting interest rates or money supply, to manage inflation and maintain stability in the economy.
When Is CPI Released?
The US Bureau of Labor Statistics has been in charge of collecting and disseminating the Consumer Price Index (CPI) in the United States every month since 1913. However, in other countries like Australia, the data is released only once every three months, and in Germany, a report is published just once a year.
How Does the Consumer Price Index Affect Forex?
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) can have a significant impact on foreign exchange (forex) traders. In general, higher-than-expected CPI figures tend to be bullish for the currency in question, while lower-than-expected figures tend to be bearish. This is because higher inflation can lead to higher interest rates, which can make the currency more attractive to investors seeking higher returns. Conversely, lower inflation can lead to lower interest rates, which can make the currency less attractive.
Forex traders often use the CPI as a gauge of a country’s overall economic health, as it provides insight into the level of inflation in the country. Traders may look to buy currencies of countries with low inflation and strong economic growth, while selling currencies of countries with high inflation and weaker growth.
CPI data releases can also create volatility in the forex market, as traders may adjust their positions based on the new information. This can lead to significant price movements, creating opportunities for profit but also increasing the risk of losses.
Overall, forex traders keep a close eye on CPI data releases and may use it as a key factor in their trading strategies.
How the CPI affects Forex
When the Consumer Price Index (CPI) rises due to increased inflation, the purchasing power of a unit of currency decreases as more units of the currency are needed to buy the same goods or services. This change in the CPI can trigger a response from the central bank’s monetary policy, similar to the effects of the NFP and GDP.
In response to a high CPI, a central bank may increase interest rates to curb inflation. Higher interest rates can increase demand for a currency, strengthening its value in the foreign exchange market. Conversely, lower inflation may lead to lower interest rates and reduced demand for a currency, encouraging spending and stimulating a slow-growing economy.
Given the impact of the CPI on monetary policy, it’s not surprising that fluctuations in currency markets can occur when CPI statistics are released. Such fluctuations can result in volatility, offering potential gains with corresponding risks.
How To Trade CPI
Keep track of the CPI release date: The CPI is usually released monthly, and its release date is usually known ahead of time. You can find this information on economic calendars or news websites.
Analyze the CPI data: Once the CPI data is released, it’s important to analyze it to determine if it’s within, above or below expectations. A higher CPI than expected indicates a potential for currency appreciation, while a lower CPI than expected may result in a currency depreciation.
Monitor central bank reactions: As previously mentioned, central banks may adjust their monetary policy in response to CPI data. If a central bank decides to raise interest rates to combat high inflation, it could result in currency appreciation. If they lower interest rates, it could lead to currency depreciation.
Look at technical indicators: Traders may also use technical indicators to help inform their trading decisions. These can include moving averages, support and resistance levels, and momentum indicators, among others.
Place trades accordingly: Based on the analysis of the CPI data, central bank reactions, and technical indicators, traders can place trades that they believe will profit from the potential currency movements.
It’s important to note that trading based on economic data releases can be risky, as unexpected results or reactions from central banks can cause volatility in the market. It’s important to have a well-rounded trading strategy that takes into account other factors as well.
A Technical Trading Trick
It is true that trading high volatile news events, such as the CPI, can be a strategy used in Forex trading. However, it is important to note that this is a high-risk strategy and should only be attempted by experienced traders who have a solid understanding of the market and proper risk management techniques.
The strategy mentioned involves setting buy and sell stops above and below previous swing points to capture the volatile move. This can potentially result in profits, but it is important to be mindful of the spread and slippage, which can cause trades to be executed at unfavorable prices.
It is always recommended to practice such strategies on a small account with funds that you can afford to lose. Additionally, it is essential to research and choose a reputable broker with competitive spreads and minimal slippage to ensure a better chance of executing trades at the desired price.
As a general reminder, Forex trading involves significant risk and is not suitable for all investors. It is important to approach trading with a cautious and informed mindset, and to always use proper risk management techniques to minimize potential losses.
Need more help?
We’re always happy to talk. Use the bottom right corner of this page to contact our live chat team, or click the button below to send us an email!
Sign up for Competitions!
Your chance to win a free 100k funded account, drop your email!